The orchard is on the south side of the Gutâi mountains. This reservation has a surface of 500 ha and here can be found Panonian and Samatian subordinate sedimentary rocks. Starting 2000 it becomes a reservation.
The chestnut tree benefits from brown forest soils. Some scientists claim that this type of chestnut was brought in Maramureș by the Greek monks or roman colonists. Its presence dates from the 16th century. An original detail is that this chestnut tree is on the emblem of the city.
This tree took the name from its edible fruits. The chestnuts are a delicacy and it is used as an ingredient by the chocolate factories.
The citizens have a chestnut celebration which is dedicated to this emblematic tree. The arbor is endangered.